Cyber Crime and Forensics

Cyber Crime and Forensics
Dr . S. Veeramani, Assistant Professor and Head, Department of English, Government Arts and Science College Lalgudi, Trichy 621712.

“The reader’s discretionary is advised.”

About Cyber Crime

Technology is like a two-edged knife. The technology will save people and kill people. The technology users can experience the same state of ‘two-edged knife’. The twentieth century faces many problems of technology-related, cyber-related, information-related, and the like. We people must understand that no one can stand against the development and advancement of technology. In this line, we are tended to align with the rise of technology. Students of the first standard to medical, engineering, or art students utilize mobile phones extensively for their education and for personal use. A decade ago, students were advised not to use mobile phones and not carry them to colleges or schools or educational institutions, now the use of mobile phones by students and youngsters has become a common and rampant one. In this critical and challenging situation, parents and educators face unnecessary issues and distress. Students knowingly or unknowingly commit crimes using the internet, mobile phones, or electronic gadgets. The evidence of crimes committed using electronic devices with the internet is traceable at any time. Using Information Technology to commit crimes is called cybercrime. It isn’t easy to control cybercrime.

Cyber Forensics

To prevent and find cyber-crimes, we need experts in Cyber Forensics. Cyber Forensics Experts are experts in tracing out deleted electronic documents, messages, photos and images, and the like. They are well – versed in using and handling Computers, laptops, mobile phones, and other electronic devices connected with technology. No precise definition has been given to cybercrimes yet. Cyber security is very essential today. The post covid condition makes most people use mobile phones and transfer money from their mobile phones, so hackers and cyber thieves have a lot of chances to steal personal data—we’re in the condition of strengthening cyber security. In India, to control and provide cyber security.

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IT Act 2000

So, Information Technology Act 2000 was created. After creating the Information Technology Act 2000, Information Technology Amendment was formulated in 2008. The Information Technology Act 2000 is the base for the other Information Technology related Act. The Information Technology Act 2000 is to amend: The Indian Evidence Act,1872; The Indian Penal Code; The Reserve Bank of India Act 1934; and The Banker’s Book’s Evidence Act, 1891. The penal attitudes of the cyber-crime committed are subject to the four crucial legal books mentioned above. The Information Technology Amendment Act 2008 was also formulated.  There are many cyber offenses. This article gives awareness to the people who unknowingly commit cyber-related crimes. 


People are requested not to buy stolen electronic or computer-related gadgets because it is an offense, according to ITA 2000. If people are unnecessarily transmitting sexually explicit messages or pictures or photos are considered a cybercrime. For this cybercrime, the punishment is imposed for five years imprisonment with rupees ten lakh penalty accordingly. If the same person commits the same crime again, the person is charged for seven years imprisonment with rupees ten lakh penalty. The punishment is imposed by Section 67A. If a person knowingly or intentionally destroys source code or source data is punished with IT Act 2000. The sentence is three years imprisonment with a fine of two lakhs. Sometimes the punishment is imposed with both. Even in the twenty-first century, people buy unknowingly stolen computers or stolen electronic gadgets even after having awareness. It is an offense. It is punishable under section 66B. The punishment for this act is three years imprisonment with a one lakh fine, or both may be exercised. Cyber Terrorism is threatening vehemently the entire world. Suppose anyone who intentionally threatens the unity, integrity, security, or sovereignty of the nation is considered cyber terrorism. For this offensive act, the punishment is imposed life imprisonment. Publishing and transmitting children in sexually explicit electronic or computer or electronic gadget format are highly punishable. Section 67B says five years with a fine of ten lakhs. It is called Child Pornography. This is a severe offense. Child means whoever is under eighteen years old. There are many more cybercrimes. Here in this article, a few are mentioned to give awareness to the people. Cyber hygiene is a must among people and students of various stages.

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What is needed today?

Cyber forensics is a much-needed field today. Cyber criminals are more intelligent that the cyber technology created or developers. It is a big threat. Cyber forensic experts would recover the deleted messages or data from mobile phone or computers, hard discs, and other electronic gadgets. Cyber forensic experts will help the investigators to find the criminals. If there is a dedicated course for Cyber Forensics, the Cyber Forensic Experts can help the investigators. But, hacking an electronic gadget of any kind is intruding into one’s computer or any ilk of electronic gadget to steal data and alter it. It is paradoxically called Ethical Hacking. Ethical Hackers can help the investigators to find and get to know the data which are needed for investigation to suspend cyber related crime which affect the society. Therefore, Lets have Cyber-Hygiene and Hygiene Society. 

By: Dr . S. Veeramani, Assistant Professor and Head,  

Department of English, Government Arts and Science College

Lalgudi, Trichy 621712.


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